Chapter 13: Toward the Sovereign State, c. 1300-1500


The Hundred Years’ War

Chronicles of Jean Froissart

The Statutes of Kilkenny, 1367

St Joan of Arc Center

Medieval Britain

De Re Militari: Medieval Military History

Medieval Armor and Helms


TEST YOURSELF: Have you read Chapter 13 adequately? Test yourself here.


MAPS: Want to download a map from chapter 13?  Click here.


TIMELINES: Want to download a timeline from chapter 13?  Click here.


CITATIONS: Want to find the source of a quote used in chapter 13? Click here.



David Grummitt, A Short History of the Wars of the Roses (2013). A reliable account that argues that the English emerged from these civil wars more tolerant of over-mighty kings.

J. N. Hillgarth, The Spanish Kingdoms, 1250–1516, 2 vols. (1976–1978). A masterful account, with particular emphasis on Castile and Aragon.

Richard W. Kaeuper, War, Justice, and Public Order: England and France in the Later Middle Ages (1988). An important synthesis. See also Christopher Allmand, The Hundred Years’ War: England and France at War c. 1300–1450 (rev. edition, 2002), and Anne Curry, The Hundred Years’ War (2nd edition, 2003).

John Larner, Italy in the Age of Dante and Petrarch, 1216–1380 (1980). Fine coverage of social as well as political history. See also Denys Hay and John Law, Italy in the Age of the Renaissance, 1380–1530 (1989), and Daniel Waley, The Italian City-Republics (3rd edition, 1988).

Joachim Leuschner, Germany in the Late Middle Ages (1980). See also F. R. H. Du Boulay, Germany in the Later Middle Ages (1983).

Janet Martin, Medieval Russia, 940–1584 (1995). Includes extensive treatment of the Later Middle Ages. See also Robert O. Crummey, The Formation of Muscovy, 1304–1613 (1987), and Charles J. Halperin, Russia and the Golden Horde: The Mongol Impact on Medieval Russian History (1985).

David Nicholas, Medieval Flanders (1992). Covers the entire Middle Ages, but is especially focused on the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. See also Wim Blockmans and Walter Prevenier, The Promised Lands: The Low Countries Under Burgundian Rule, 1369–1530, trans. Elizabeth Fackelman (1999).

Régine Pernoud, Joan of Arc: By Herself and Her Witnesses (1964). A narrative built from the sources of Joan’s various trials, this remains the best general introduction to Joan of Arc. For Joan’s remembrance in later generations, see especially Marina Warner, Joan of Arc: The Image of Female Heroism (1981). For the latest research, see Bonnie Wheeler and Charles T. Wood, eds., Fresh Verdicts on Joan of Arc (1996).

Jean W. Sedlar, East-Central Europe in the Middle Ages, 1000–1500 (1994). An ambitious and highly useful survey. See also John V. A. Fine, Jr., The Late Medieval Balkans (1987).

Robert Stein, Magnanimous Dukes and Rising States: the Unification of the Burgundian Netherlands 1380-1480 (2017).  New and authoritative.

Alison Weir, Lancaster and York (1996). A lively study of the Wars of the Roses. See also John A. F. Thomson, The Transformation of Medieval England 1370–1529 (1983).



Emilie Amt, Medieval England, 1000–1500 (2000).

Christopher Given-Wilson, Chronicles of the Revolution, 1397–1400: The Reign of Richard II (1993). See also A. F. Scott, Everyone a Witness: The Plantagenet Age (1976).

Trevor Dean, The Towns of Italy in the Later Middle Ages (2000).

Thomas A. Fudge, trans., The Crusade against Heretics in Bohemia, 1418–1437: Sources and Documents for the Hussite Crusades (2002).

John M. Klassen, The Letters of the Rozmberk Sisters: Noblewomen in Fifteenth-Century Bohemia (2001).

Craig Taylor, trans., Joan of Arc: La Pucelle: Selected Sources (2006). New and well-received. See also Daniel Hobbins, ed, The Trial of Joan of Arc (2007).


These listings are works-in-progress.  They are highly selective and aimed at the practical needs of students and teachers.  If you have suggestions, please send them to Judith Bennett.