Are you reading the textbook well? Test yourself here.

You should be able to easily answer these questions, if you have read the chapter carefully. So, for example, the question for Chapter 1 about the date of St Augustine’s death might look picky, but it really is not. Given the extensive coverage of him (in text, in biography, in photo) in the chapter, you should be able to place him within a century.  Fair enough, right?

Why are the answers not given? First, your teachers might like to use these questions themselves. Second, if you are not confident about your answer, go back to the chapter and find it—that’s the best way to master the material.

NOTE: These questions are not aimed to cover all the important parts of a chapter. Instead, they are selective tests of whether you are reading effectively.

If you are new to History courses, check out Understanding Your Professor.



Which of the following statements about the “fall of Rome” is accurate?
(a) only the Western empire “fell.”
(b) it was caused by lead poisoning.
(c) even a vibrant economy could not prevent it.

The term “hagiography” means the
(a) adulation of the emperor.
(b) claim of Rome to primacy over the Church.
(c) writing of saints’ lives.

St Augustine died in
(a) 330.
(b) 430.
(c) 530.

Early Christians debated
(a) the balance between humanity and divinity in Jesus.
(b) the place of Greco-Roman pagan ideas in Christian theology.
(c) both of the above.
(d) neither of the above.

Which of the following statements about the Pax Romana (or Roman Peace) is true?
(a) it lasted from c. 31 BCE to 180 CE.
(b) it was brought about by the triumph of Christianity.
(c) it happened only in the Eastern Empire.

Wergild, compurgation, and ordeal are terms associated with barbarian
(a) metal-work.
(b) law.
(c) kinship.

C.E. refers to the
(a) Christian Era.
(b) Chinese Era.
(c) Common Era.

Which of the following statements about St Augustine is accurate?
(a) he once had a mistress and illegitimate son.
(b) he died in 230 C.E.
(c) he was a devout Christian throughout his life.

Christianity became a tolerated faith within the Roman Empire in
(a) 213 CE.
(b) 313 CE.
(c) 413 CE.

Neoplatonism was a philosophical system well-suited to
(a) the state religions of Rome.
(b) otherworldy asceticism.
(c) barbarian veneration of nature.

Ambrose and Jerome were important as Christian
(a) theologians.
(b) martyrs.
(c) persecutors.

A wergild was
(a) a law based on custom, not legislation.
(b) a sum of money paid to compensate a victim or his/her family.
(c) an early form of Christian baptism.

More and more barbarians moved into the Roman empire in the late fourth century because
(a) they worshipped the Pope in Rome.
(b) they were pushed westward by the Huns.
(c) a new ice cap had covered their ancestral lands.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 1, go here.



When the barbarians moved into transalpine Europe, they encountered a Gallo-Roman population. “Gallo” indicates that this population mingled elements that were Roman and
(a) Celtic.
(b) Basque.
(c) Saxon.

Your textbook says that polygyny was common among the landed classes of seventh-century Europe. “Polygyny” means
(a) a woman can have several husbands.
(b) a man can have several wives.
(c) widows and widowers may remarry.

The kingdom of the Ostrogoths c. 500 encompassed much of modern-day
(a) Italy.
(b) France.
(c) Spain.

Boethius and Cassiodorus are important because they
(a) withdrew Roman forces from Britain in 410.
(b) converted the Visigoths to Christianity.
(c) laid the groundwork for a medieval intellectual tradition.

Compared to Britain and North Africa in the sixth century, Gaul, Italy, and Iberia were
(a) more stable.
(b) more rocked by invasions.
(c) more influenced by paganism.

St Benedict (c. 480-550) is important for his
(a) monastic rule.
(b) work converting the Saxons and Frisians.
(c) translations of Aristotle and Plato.

(a) settled in in modern-day Netherlands.
(b) ravaged North Africa.
(c) practiced an unorthodox Christianity.

By the eighth century, the intellectual center of Europe had shifted to monasteries in
(a) Spain.
(b) Ireland.
(c) Thuringia.

Which match is NOT correct?
(a) Merovingians and Gaul.
(b) St Bede the Venerable and Theodoric.
(c) Gregory I and the conversion of the Anglo-Saxons.

Between 500 and 700, most of the Iberian peninsula was controlled by
(a) Lombards.
(b) Visigoths.
(c) Vandals.

Among the Merovingians, long hair indicated that a man was
(a) royal.
(b) effeminate.
(c) enslaved.

Which match is NOT correct?
(a) Columba: Irish monasticism.
(b) Cassiodorus: scribal copying
(c) Clovis: bishop of Tours.

Gregory the Great
(a) founded the Benedictine rule.
(b) was pope around 600 CE.
(c) wrote The Consolation of Philosophy.

The Synod of Whitby, convened at the monastery governed by Abbess Hilda,
(a) declared Catharism a heresy.
(b) reconciled Irish and Roman Christianities.
(c) decreed that nuns were as holy as monks.

For genuine intellectual rigor in the 6th and 7th centuries, a good place to look is
(a) Croatia.
(b) Saxony.
(c) Ireland.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 2, go here.



Byzantine government tended to be
(a) defensive and conservative.
(b) poorly funded and weak.
(c) small and minimal.

In the Byzantine Orthodox Church between 500 and 1000, controversy raged about
(a) monophysites and iconoclasm.
(b) clerical celibacy.
(c) the emperor’s status as God’s vice-regent.

Justinian and his empress Theodora lived
(a) c. 350.
(b) c. 450.
(c) c. 550.

Mohammed died in
(a) 632.
(b) 732.
(c) 832.

The split between Sunni and Shi’i Muslims began as a dispute about
(a) who should lead the community of the faithful.
(b) whether Mohammed was human or divine.
(c) how to treat other “peoples of the book.”

Which provides the proper chronological order?
(a) Umayyad dynasty; Abbasid dynasty; al-Mansur in al-Andalus.
(b) Abbasid dynasty; al-Mansur in al-Andalus; Umayyad dynasty.
(c) al-Mansur in al-Andalus; Abbasid dynasty; Umayyad dynasty.

In the tenth century, the greatest city in Western Europe was
(a) Marseilles.
(b) Lisbon.
(c) Cordoba.

Icons were
(a) badges worn by the Blues and Grays.
(b) holy statues and pictures.
(c) the Byzantine equivalent of “counties.”

Khadija and Aisha were
(a) early Muslim martyrs.
(b) wives of Mohammed.
(c) authors of the hadith.

The Umayyads and Abbasids were
(a) dynasties of caliphs.
(b) competing sects within Islam.
(c) the first peoples who converted to Islam.

Cordoba, known as an “ornament bright” of learning in the tenth-century, was located in modern-day
(a) Syria.
(b) Morocco.
(c) Spain.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 3, go here.



The Pseudo-Dionysius and his translator John Scottus helped to stimulate interest in
(a) Neoplatonism.
(b) Catharism.
(c) papalism.

Charlemagne was crowned “Emperor of the Romans” by Pope Leo III in
(a) 800.
(b) 850.
(c) 900.

Which of the following was NOT an aspect of the Carolingian intellectual revival?
(a) development of a clearer form of handwriting.
(b) establishment of the first university (in Paris).
(c) preservation of the great works of the Classical-Christian tradition.

Eighth-century Francia witnessed considerable political and religious consolidation. It also saw the development of manorialism which
(a) sought to improve the culture of court life, especially in the winter-time.
(b) linked the landed elite to the peasantry in a web of social and economic obligations.
(c) required that every village in Francia have a resident priest and church.

Compared to the term “Europe,” the term “Christendom” was
(a) identical.
(b) more inclusive.
(c) more exclusive.

Which match is NOT correct?
(a) Leo III: alliance with Empress Irene.
(b) Alcuin: educational reform.
(c) Boniface: missionary activity.

The “Donation of Pepin” helped to found
(a) Burgundy.
(b) the Papal States.
(c) al-Andalus.

“Capitularies” and “missi dominici” are associated with Carolingian
(a) intellectual revival.
(b) monastic reform.
(c) government.

Into which region did Charlemagne’s empire extend?
(a) Britain.
(b) Saxony.
(c) Sicily.

Pepin the Short (r. 741-768) was king in fact but not name.  He solved this problem with the help of
(a) the pope.
(b) his brother.
(c) the Basques.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 4, go here.



Between 800 and 1000, Western Europe was
(a) reabsorbed briefly into the Byzantine empire.
(b) devastated by the “little ice age.”
(c) divided, invaded, and reorganized.

Which is an area untouched by Viking raiders?
(a) Ireland.
(b) Russia.
(c) Italy.

In the 9th century, the “Danelaw” was
(a) Jutland.
(b) part of Sweden then under Danish control.
(c) part of Britain then under Danish control.

Alfred the Great
(a) united all of non-Danish England under his authority.
(b) crowned Charles the Bald in 843.
(c) created the new monastic rule known as Alfredism.

The textbook talks of West and East Francia. Most of West Francia eventually became the kingdom of France. Most of East Francia became part of
(a) the Lombard Kingdom.
(b) the Magyar imperium.
(c) the Holy Roman Empire.

Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of early feudalism?
(a) public power in private hands.
(b) the lord-vassal tie.
(c) powerful kingship.

A critical new technology in the development of feudalism was
(a) the heavy, wheeled plow.
(b) the stirrup.
(c) the longbow.

Which match is NOT correct?
(a) Louis the Pious: Charlemagne’s heir.
(b) Otto: Holy Roman Empire.
(c) Hugh Capet: Saxony.

Hugh, Earl of Chester died
(a) in the Battle of Hastings.
(b) in rebellion against his king.
(c) as a monk.

The Treaty of Verdun in 843
(a) established the Papal States.
(b) divided Charlemagne’s empire among his three grandsons.
(c) ended the War of Spanish Succession.

The ninth and tenth centuries were a time of renewed pressure on Europeans from
(a) the imperial ambitions of the Byzantine emperors.
(b) Viking raiders, Magyar horsemen, and Muslim pirates.
(c) overpopulation and famine.

Around the year 1000, Italy was
(a) united under the Lombard King Ulfrich.
(b) politically dominated by bishops and their cities.
(c) controlled by the emirs of al-Andalus.

In West Francia c. 1000, which BEST describes the political situation?
(a) Rule by counts and dukes.
(b) Rule by centralized Capetians.
(c) Rule by papacy.

In East Francia c. 1000, which of the following was established?
(a) a new Hussite kingdom.
(b) a Holy Roman Empire.
(c) a Neopolitan Alliance.

In Italy c. 1000,
(a) autonomous cities dominated their regions.
(b) the Byzantine emperor ruled over the entire peninsula.
(c) the Lombards held the Papal States.

The treaty of Verdun in 843 divided
(a) Lombardy from Picardy.
(b) the Carolingian empire into thirds.
(c) Roman Catholicism from Eastern Orthodoxy.

Alfred the Great (e. 871-899) began the process of consolidating power in
(a) England.
(b) France.
(c) Germany.

The story of Lady Godiva is about
(a) bishops and adultery.
(b) Coventry and tolls.
(c) bandits and ransoms. 

Primogeniture means
(a) of royal birth.
(b) inheritance by first-born son.
(c) infants born without original sin.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 5, go here.



Which best summarizes the circumstances of the medieval West, Byzantium, and Islamic states between 1000 and 1300?
(a) the West began to prosper, while the fortunes of Byzantium and Islam declined.
(b) the Byzantine state remained stable, but al-Andalus expanded at the expense of the medieval West.
(c) all three civilizations shrank, thanks to the invasions of the Huns.

Which of the following was NOT a result of the Agricultural Revolution?
(a) population growth.
(b) women began to outlive men.
(c) Europeans began to eat more vegetables than ever before.

Most medieval peasants lived within three critical institutions: manors, villages, and
(a) publicans.
(b) parishes.
(c) confraternities.

Masters, apprentices and journeymen were regulated by medieval
(a) guilds.
(b) manors.
(c) cathars.

Burghers or burgesses
(a) followed the Bogomil heresy.
(b) lived in cities and towns.
(c) worked as intermediaries between lords and peasants.

Manorialism allowed medieval elites
(a) to extract wealth from the peasantry.
(b) to dominate towns as well as the countryside.
(c) to recreate the latifundia of Roman times.

Godric of Finchale ended his life as a hermit, but before that he made a fortune as
(a) a crusader.
(b) a seafaring merchant.
(c) the sheriff of Norfolk.

Historians talk about a “communal movement” in medieval Europe. The medieval commune
(a) gave rise to the first major medieval heresy.
(b) was the equivalent of the modern Jewish ghetto.
(c) had a charter guaranteeing its own government, courts, taxes, and customs.

Usury was
(a) the loaning of money at interest.
(b) denial of the presence of Christ in the wine and bread of the mass.
(c) a required trait of a good courtly lover.

The Central Middle Ages are dated in your textbook as circa
(a) 1000-1300.
(b) 900-1350
(c) 800-1200.

Which came first in the expanding economy of the Central Middle Ages?
(a) The demographic revolution.
(b) The commercial revolution.
(c) The agricultural revolution.

Godric of Finchale lived for 100 years and during his life he was both
(a) a pagan and a Christian.
(b) a knight and an archbishop.
(c) a merchant and a hermit.

A burgher or burgess c. 1200 would have been found most often in a
(a) town.
(b) village.
(c) castle.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 6, go here.



At the castle of Canossa in 1077, what critical event occurred?
(a) Emperor Henry IV humbled himself before Pope Gregory VII.
(b) King John of England captured Pope Boniface VIII.
(c) celibacy was declared as required for all clergy.

Of all early universities, the greatest was in
(a) Rome.
(b) Paris.
(c) Aachen.

The Papacy reached its greatest power under
(a) Urban II, c. 1100.
(b) Hadrian IV, c. 1150.
(c) Innocent III, c. 1200.

The Investiture Controversy involved
(a) lay authority over clergy.
(b) papal control of central Italy.
(c) kings becoming vassals of the pope.

The papalist position argued that the pope was the head of Christendom, the imperialist position argued that the Holy Roman Emperor should rule in matters religious as well as temporal, and the clericalist position argued that
(a) a representative assembly of clergy should govern Europe.
(b) Church and state should coexist.
(c) neither popes not emperors had legitimate authority to govern.

The shift “from memory to written record”
(a) facilitated the growth of papal power over lordly power.
(b) discouraged the growth of municipal schools.
(c) speaks to an increase in the use of government and personal documentation.

In consolidating the Papal States, popes faced
(a) rebellions in Rome.
(b) difficulties with the Holy Roman Empire.
(c) neither.
(d) both.

Lombardy is located
(a) north of Rome.
(b) south of Rome.
(c) east of Rome.
(d) west of Rome.

Which of the following was NOT an object of papal reform?
(a) improve the moral character of the clergy.
(b) reclaim authority over the Eastern Orthodox Church.
(c) limit lay influence over Church matters.

The Gregorian reform is named after Pope Gregory VII who ruled
(a) 1073-1085.
(b) 1173-1185.
(c) 1273-1285.

Compared to 1000, the papacy in 1300 was
(a) more powerful.
(b) less powerful.
(c) about as powerful.

The Fourth Lateran Council meet in 1215.  Who presided?
(a) Leo III.
(b) Boniface VIII.
(c) Innocent III.

“Canon” law is
(a) military law.
(b) ecclesiastical law.
(c) manorial law.

The struggle of pope and emperor over “lay investiture” concerned
(a) laypeople wearing clerical clothing.
(b) lay control of Church appointments.
(c) lay investment in monastic development.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 7, go here.

Are you at mid-semester and not doing as well as you hoped? Check out Understanding Your Professor.



Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-1153) is associated with
(a) the Cluniac reform.
(b) the mendicant reform.
(c) the Cistercian reform.

The most troubling heretics of the Central Middle Ages were the
(a) Cathars.
(b) Gugliemites.
(c) Poor Men of London.

Which match is NOT correct?
(a) Poor Clares: nursing.
(b) Franciscans: poverty.
(c) Dominicans: preaching.

Moses Maimonides sought to reconcile Judaism and
(a) Christianity.
(b) the writings of Aristotle.
(c) Islam.

The carved oak figure known today as the Gero Cross is an example of a shift toward a greater emphasis on
(a) Christ’s redemptive suffering.
(b) the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
(c) God’s harsh judgment.

The Fourth Lateran Council met in
(a) 1115.
(b) 1215.
(c) 1315.

Talmud, Kabbalah, Maimonides. All these speak to
(a) the piety of medieval Jews.
(b) Cordoba in the heyday of Al-Andalus.
(c) Arabic influence in Christian theology.

Which came first?
(a) Cistercian monks.
(b) Dominican and Franciscan friars.
(c) Cluniac monks.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 8, go here.

Are you at mid-semester and not doing as well as you hoped? Check out Understanding Your Professor.


John and Giovanni; William and Guglielmo; Thomas and Tommaso. These are examples of
(a) the greater value placed on boys, compared to girls.
(b) the Europeanization of Europe.
(c) the influence of the Hohenstaufen dynasty.

The term “Reconquest” is usually used with reference to
(a) Christian advance against Muslim lands in Iberia.
(b) Christian crusades to their “Holy Land.”
(c) the sack of Constantinople in 1204.

In the eleventh century, Sicily and the southern Italian peninsula fell under the control of
(a) Saracens.
(b) Romans.
(c) Normans.

German expansion was mostly to the
(a) north.
(b) east.
(c) west.

The First Crusade was preached by Pope Urban II in 1095. It
(a) ended in a swamp near Constantinople.
(b) captured Jerusalem.
(c) was led by Richard the Lion-Hearted.

The “military orders” were designed to accommodate
(a) monkly knights.
(b) ordinary people who wanted to participate in the crusades.
(c) papal legates.

In the history of Jewish-Christian relations in the Middles Ages, the twelfth century marks the beginning of
(a) forcing Jews to lend money to Christian businesses.
(b) admitting Jewish men to Christian universities.
(c) violent persecutions of Jews by Christians.

A great solidier and leader, Richard the Lion-Hearted was also 
(a) a crusader.
(b) a relentless collector of taxes.
(c) both.

Robert Guiscard and Sichelgaita were associated with
(a) Iberia.
(b) Ireland.
(c) Italy.

From 1100, Germans began to expand their influence in which direction?
(a) westward into Flemish lands.
(b) northwards into Danish lands.
(c) eastwards into Slavic lands.

The medieval crusader states were established in modern-day
(a) Egypt and Libya.
(b) Israel, Lebanon, and Syria.
(c) Turkey and Saudia Arabia.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 9, go here.



After c. 1250, the Holy Roman Empire
(a) controlled all of Italy, except the Papal States.
(b) fell under the control of the Rus.
(c) was a weak confederation.

Louis IX of France ruled from 1226 to 1270. He is associated with
(a) the establishment of the Salian dynasty.
(b) royal sanctity.
(c) the convening of the Estates General.

Blanche of Castile (1182-1252)
(a) was a saint and mystic.
(b) saved the Capetian monarchy.
(c) inspired the Third Crusade in 1204.

Between 1000 and 1300, the Holy Roman Empire
(a) merged with France.
(b) disintegrated.
(c) was replaced by the German Republic.

After 1250, the Italian peninsula was controlled by
(a) the papacy.
(b) the king of Sicily.
(c) regional principalities.

The Angevin Empire refers to lands held by
(a) Henry II of England, c. 1175.
(b) Philip the Fair of France, c. 1300.
(c) Isabella of Spain, c. 1250.

Between 1000 and 1300, monarchs in France
(a) disappeared.
(b) exercised power only in the region surrounding Paris.
(c) triumphed.

Edward I subdued Wales, devastated Scotland, and
(a) used parliament to make new law.
(b) invaded France.
(c) created the first income tax.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 10, go here.



Which match is NOT correct?
(a) Hildegarde of Bingen: mysticism.
(b) Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologica.
(c) Averroes: founder of Oxford University.

With its vaulted ribs, pointed arches, and flying buttresses, Gothic cathedrals were able to
(a) support flat roofs.
(b) let in more light.
(c) eliminate supporting columns in the nave.

Compared to lyrics, epics, and romances, fabliaux were enjoyed by audiences that were
(a) more monastic.
(b) more humble in social rank.
(c) more female.

Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) wrote The Divine Comedy. He also wrote lyrics inspired by
(a) his Cathar faith.
(b) the Chanson de Roland.
(c) his unconsummated love for Beatrice.

Which statement about Roman law principles is most accurate?
(a) They were never applied in Church courts.
(b) They were especially influential in English law.
(c) They became more important in the medieval West after 1100.

The debate over universals concerned whether
(a) the pope could be a universal monarch over all the kings of Europe.
(b) Roman and Byzantine Christians could be united in a universal Church.
(c) Platonic archetypes (or ideals) were real.

Robert Grossteste and Roger Bacon were important
(a) lawyers.
(b) theologians.
(c) scientists.

Peter Abelard died in 1142. Thomas Aquinas died in
(a) 1074.
(b) 1174.
(c) 1274.

Galen, Ibn Sina, and Salerno are associated with
(a) papalism.
(b) fabliaux.
(c) medicine.

Bologna, Gratian, and the Roman Emperor Justinian are associated with
(a) law.
(b) theology.
(c) mystical revelation.

John of Salisbury (c. 1115-1180) argued that
(a) universals are real.
(b) reason has no place in matters of faith.
(c) Christians must obey a king but could kill a tyrant.

Hildegard of Bingen (c. 1098-1179) was a composter, medical scholar, theologian, playwright, and political consultant.  She derived her authority especially from her
(a) marriage to Abelard.
(b) status as of Professor of Theology at Heidelberg University.
(c) mysticism.

Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) wrote his poetry in
(a) alliterative verse.
(b) Romanesque style.
(c) Italian.

Which words best characterize a typical Gothic cathedral?
(a) pointed arches; flying buttresses, light.
(b) low ceilings; wood construction; dark.
(c) squared; round arches; solidity.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 11, go here.



The Great Famine occurred in
(a) 1215-17.
(b) 1315-22.
(c) 1347-49.

Which was the buzzword of the renaissance?
(a) humanism.
(b) capitalism.
(c) scientism.

After the Great Plague, what happened to serfdom in Western Europe?
(a) nothing.
(b) it changed into slavery.
(c) it declined.

Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of urban economies after 1348? 
(a) rural industries developed.
(b) technological innovation dramatically declined.
(c) trade in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans became more important.

The “nobility of the robe” signal the importance of
(a) gunpowder.
(b) royal service.
(c) fashion.

The “conciliar movement” sought to limit the authority of
(a) Holy Roman Emperors.
(b) popes.
(c) Templars.

Catherine of Siena is an example of the importance of what trend in late medieval Christianity?
(a) anti-clericalism.
(b) mysticism.
(c) Hussitism.

The fourteenth and fifteen centuries—for medieval European kingdoms, the Byzantine empire, and Islamic states in the southern Mediterranean—are best characterized as
(a) an economic golden age.
(b) a violent and unsettled time.
(c) an era of unusual international peace.

Which of the following did not happen to peasants in western Europe after the Great Plague?
(a) wages went up.
(b) revolts stopped.
(c) serfdom declined.

Historical demographers estimate that Europe c. 1300 had
(a) an imbalanced sex ratio (roughly 100 men for every 80 women).
(b) too few people.
(c) too many people.

Between 1309 and 1376, popes lived in Avignon which is today located in
(a) northeastern Italy.
(b) southern France.
(c) Catalonia.

Which statement BEST summarizes Muslim presence in western Europe c. 1300?
(a) Muslims controlled Sicily, Spain, and southern Italy.
(b) All Muslims had been expelled by order of Pope Innocent III.     
(c) Granada was the only Muslim state in western Europe.

John Hus and John Wycliffe were both
(a) explorers.
(b) poets.
(c) heretics.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 12, go here.



“Sovereignty” means
(a) divine right of kings.
(b) unchallenged authority over a state.
(c) maintaining the gold standard.

In consolidating power, late medieval kings faced two main challenges. Which was NOT a major challenge?
(a) papacy.
(b) aristocracy.
(c) peasantry.

Which of the following statements about the Hundred Years War (1337-1453) is correct?
(a) It pitted France against the Holy Roman Empire.
(b) It led to the independence of Scotland.
(c) It provoked the intervention of Joan of Arc.

Louis XI (r. 1461-1483)
(a) was mad.
(b) subdued the aristocrats of France.
(c) claimed the English throne by right of his wife, Mary Tudor.

Who dominated Russia c. 1500?
(a) Mongols.
(b) Muscovite princes.
(c) Swedes.

The story of William Tell is a symptom of the growing importance of
(a) paternalism.
(b) nationalism.
(c) capitalism.

The Hapsburg dynasty first took root in
(a) Italy.
(b) Spain.
(c) the Holy Roman Empire.

Charles VI who ruled in France from 1380 to 1422 was
(a) Flemish.
(b) mentally instable.
(c) a brilliant military strategist.

York; Lancaster; the Wars of the Roses.  These are all pertinent to
(a) aristocratic factionalism in late medieval England.
(b) the struggle for English naval control of the North Sea.
(c) the Jacquerie.

After 1328,
(a) the French king claimed the right to be king of England too.
(b) the English king claimed the right to be king of France too.
(c) the Holy Roman Emperor claimed the right to be king of France too.

Joan of Arc intervened in the
(a) papal schism.
(b) Hundred Years’ War.
(c) Peasants Revolt of 1381.

For most of the Later Middle Ages, Russia was under the control of
(a) Mongols.
(b) Abbasids.
(c) Seljuk Turks.

“New monarchs” are so called because they
(a) were women.
(b) abandoned Catholicism for Lutheranism.
(c) consolidated power.

In 1453, the Ottoman Turks captured
(a) Jerusalem.
(b) Constantinople.
(c) Cairo.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 13, go here.



After 1347-50, the proportion of literate people
(a) increased.
(b) fell.
(c) was unchanged for the next 150 years.

Hans Behem
(a) preached radical ideas.
(b) invented the telescope.
(c) sailed around the coast of Africa.

Francesco Petrarch died in
(a) 1274.
(b) 1374.
(c) 1474.

The gothic architecture of the Later Middle Ages stressed
(a) height and decoration.
(b) simplicity.
(c) creating open spaces for paintings and processions.

Which of the following was NOT a late medieval trend in political thought?
(a) the clericalist position (different jurisdictions for church and state) gained more support than before.
(b) a practical interest in nitty-gritty matters of governance developed.
(c) the divine right of kings became the predominant justification for royal power.

Which of the following statements about William of Ockham is NOT true?
(a) he favored papal supremacy.
(b) he severed the bonds between revelation and reason.
(c) he was a radical empiricist.

Marsilio Ficino translated the works of
(a) Galen.
(b) Aristotle.
(c) Plato.

Donatello’s David expresses
(a) the concept of redemptive suffering.
(b) the influence of Greco-Roman traditions.
(c) late medieval misogyny.

When more literature was written in vernacular languages after c. 1300, what else also spread?
(a) literacy.
(b) heresy.
(c) atheism.

Francesco Petrarch is associated with
(a) the development of the Italian language.
(b) scholasticism.
(c) humanist education.

Late Gothic churches were
(a) highly decorated and ornate.
(b) modeled on classical basilicas.
(c) austere.

In late medieval universities, St. Thomas Aquinas’s enthusiasm in the power of reason was
(a) accepted.
(b) attacked.
(c) used to justify the new academic discipline of “Philosophy.”

In later medieval political theory on church-state relations, which position was most compelling?
(a) papalism (popes supreme).
(b) imperialism (kings supreme).
(c) clericalism (separate jurisdictions for kings and popes).

The “renaissance”
(a) was a rebirth from a dead medieval past.
(b) begun by Bocaccio in 1517.
(c) built on firm medieval foundations.

Marsilio Ficino, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, & Nicholas of Cusa are associated with a late medieval revival of
(a) Stoicism.
(b) Neoplatonism.
(c) Epicureanism.

In late medieval culture, 
(a) death was everywhere.
(b) the authority of classical antiquity was replaced by the authority of explorers.
(c) artists abandoned realism.

For links and other stuff related to Chapter 14, go here.